Ubuchwephesha beBluetooth kunye ne-Evolution-Ngaba ubusazi ukuba iBluetooth indala le?

IBluetooth bubuchwepheshe obuvumela izixhobo ukuba zitshintshe idatha kumgama omfutshane ukusuka kwenye, ngaphandle kwamacingo. Ubuchwephesha beBluetooth kunye ne-Evolution zitshintshe kakhulu. Ingcamango yeBluetooth yayikukufumana indlela engenazingcingo yezixhobo zokunxibelelana omnye komnye ukuze umgangatho we-RS-232 unokutshintshwa, kwaye izibuko ze-serial zingasuswa kwizixhobo. Ekubeni ukuveliswa kweBluetooth kudlula kwiinguqulelo ezininzi, i-5 ukuba ichanekile, kodwa zithetha ukuthini zonke? Yintoni eyenza iBluetooth 5.0 ikhetheke kangaka?

I-Bluetooth ibikho ngaphezulu kweminyaka engama-20 kwaye ngoku iphantse yafumaneka kuzo zonke iiselfowuni kunye necwecwe elimileyo letekhnoloji onayo. Ukuba ucinga ukuthenga imveliso exhasa iBluetooth, kodwa awuqinisekanga ukuba yeyiphi na inguqulelo yeBluetooth oyifunayo, sicacisa yonke iBluetooth Technologies kunye neEvolution.

Ubuchwephesha beBluetooth kunye ne-Evolution

Itekhnoloji yeBluetooth sele iyinxalenye ebalulekileyo yehlabathi lethu lanamhlanje. Ukusuka kwizixhobo ezikumakhaya ethu nakwii-ofisi ukuya kwizixhobo esizisebenzisayo xa sisendleleni, obu buchwepheshe bungenazingcingo businceda ukuba siqhagamshele kwaye sinxibelelane ngendlela engazange ibonwe ngaphambili. Kwaye ukukwazi kwabo ukuvela rhoqo kuqinisekisa ukuba baya kuhlala bephambili kwiminyaka ezayo.

I-Bluetooth 1.0 kunye ne-1.0B

Siza kuqalisa i-Bluetooth Technologies kunye ne-Evolution ngeenguqulelo ze-1.0 kunye ne-1.0B. IBluetooth yaqala ngo-1999 nguSony Ericcson. Bakha isethi yokuqala yamahhala yeselula, kwaye iBluetooth elandelayo yaya kwiinguqulelo ze-2 kunye ne-3. Ukukhuthazwa kweBluetooth V2 kunye ne-V3 yindlela yokunyusa izinga ledatha. Inguqulo 1, izinga ledatha lilungile ngokwaneleyo ukuba liphathe ilizwi. Awulungelanga umculo. Inguqulo yesi-2, yonyusa ireyithi yedatha kwaye ke ilungile ngokwaneleyo ukuthwala umculo wethu.

Bluetooth 2

IBluetooth 2 iqala ngokuba ne-headset engenazingcingo ukuthwala umculo wethu. Inguqulo yesi-2 sisiqalo sexesha lee-headsets ezingenazingcingo, izithethi ezingenazingcingo, kunye ne-audio yemoto. Ikakhulu isabizwa ngokuba yinye, inqaku lonxibelelwano.

Bluetooth 3

IBluetooth 3, igxile ekuphatheni idatha eninzi. Kwiinguqulelo ze-4 kunye ne-5, umgaqo woyilo utshintsha ngokupheleleyo. Inguqulo yesi-4 igxile kumandla aphantsi. Ngokuqinisekileyo, izinga ledatha liyenyuka, kodwa imilinganiselo ephambili yokuza neNguqulelo yesi-4 yindlela yokunciphisa amandla. I-Bluetooth 3 nayo isagxile kuguqulelo lwenqaku ukuya kwinqanaba. Banyusa inani ledatha yokuthwala kwaye bakwasisiqalo sokudluliselwa kwedatha. Isixhobo sezemidlalo kunye nokomelela siyanxiba ukuba sifuna ukujonga impilo yethu. Zonke zikwinguqulo yesi-3 yeBluetooth.

Bluetooth 4.0

I-Bluetooth 4 yaziswa emva ngo-2010, kwiintsuku zokuqala ze-smartphone, kwaye lixesha le-beacon endaweni ye-one-to-one. Oku kukuqala kokuvela kwamandla aphantsi kwakhona. Inguqulo ye-4 yindlela esinokunciphisa ngayo amandla kakhulu. Izise uphuculo oluphawulekayo kuguqulelo lwayo lwangaphambili, olufana neBluetooth Low Energy evumela izixhobo ezincinci ezinjengee-headphones, kunye neetracker zokuqina ngelixa usebenzisa amandla amancinci.

Bluetooth 4.1

I-Bluetooth 4.1 izise uhlaziyo olubalulekileyo.Iinguqulelo zangaphambili zinemiba nge-4G eyaziwa ngokuba yi-LTE. Iimpawu zabo ziya kuphazamisana kwaye zithobe ukusebenza ngokubanzi ngelixa zikhupha ubomi bebhetri. I-4.1 iqinisekisa ukuba akukho kudlulana phakathi kweBluetooth kunye ne-4G yoqhagamshelo, ebisiza kwimarike ngeli xesha. Olunye uphuculo oluphawulekayo nge-4.1 kukuba ngoku zonke izixhobo ze-4.1 zinokusebenza njenge-hub kunye ne-end-point eyayithetha ukuba izixhobo zakho ezihlakaniphile akufuneki zinxibelelane ngefowuni yakho, i-laptop, okanye ithebhulethi kwakhona, banokunxibelelana ngokuthe ngqo omnye nomnye. Oku kunye nophuculo oluthile lukwaphucule ngakumbi ukusebenza kombane kweBluetooth.

Bluetooth 4.2

I-Bluetooth 4.2 yabona ukuphuculwa okukhulu kwesantya, amaxesha amabini anesiqingatha ngokukhawuleza ukuhanjiswa kwedatha, kwaye yandisa inani leepakethi, okanye idatha enokuthunyelwa ngokuphindwe kalishumi, kodwa mhlawumbi iBluetooth 4.2 eyona nto ibalulekileyo yokuphucula ukuqaliswa kwenkxaso ye-IPv6 okanye inguqulo ye-intanethi yeprotocol 6.Olu phuculo luvumela izixhobo zeBluetooth ukuba ziqhagamshelane ne-intanethi ngokuthe ngqo kwaye uphuculo ludlale indima enkulu ekwaziseni ixesha le-IoT. Ngoku nantoni na ukusuka kwiifriji ukuya kwii-thermostats ukuya kwizibane zinokuqhagamshela kwi-intanethi kwaye ilawulwe nguwe nokuba ukude.Ngaphandle koko, bekukho ulawulo olungakumbi lwamandla kunye nokuphuculwa kokhuseleko.

Bluetooth 5

IBluetooth 5 isisondeza kumaxesha angoku. Ngayo, yeza enye isantya esiphindwe kabini, ngoku i-2Mbps ngaphezulu kwe-1Mbps ye-4.2. Uluhlu lweBluetooth lufumene uphuculo olukhulu kakhulu, umgama ophezulu unyukile ukusuka kwiimitha ezingama-60. Ngokwenyani, awuzukufumana olu hlobo loluhlu ngenxa yeendonga, imiqobo, kunye nolunye unxibelelwano olukungqongileyo. Inguqulo yesi-5 yinethiwekhi ye-mesh, ke, iintetho ezininzi kwabaninzi. Oku kukwakha umnatha womnatha, into efana kakhulu neZigbee.

Bluetooth 5.1

Yaziswa ngo-2019 kwaye yazisa ezinye izinto ezintsha kunye nophuculo olongezelelweyo. Ubuchule bolu guqulelo bumalunga nezixhobo zeBluetooth ukukhomba indawo okuyo. Oku kuvumele ukufika kweethegi ze-Bluetooth-enabled smart kwimarike, onokuthi unamathisele kwizinto zakho ezibalulekileyo, ukuze ufumane uqikelelo apho lusekwe khona kuqhagamshelo lweBluetooth.

Bluetooth 5.2

Yeza malunga nonyaka kamva kwaye igxile kakhulu kuphuculo lwezixhobo zomsindo. Uninzi lwezi zinto zinobuchwephesha kakhulu, ke asizukungena kuyo kodwa umbono osisiseko kukuba kukho isizukulwana esitsha somsindo weBluetooth obizwa ngokuba yi-LE Audio okanye mhlawumbi uLow Energy Audio. Oku kuqulethe ikhowudi entsha yomsindo ebizwa ngokuba yi-LC3, ebonelela ngeaudio ekumgangatho ophezulu ngelixa usebenzisa amandla aphantsi. Ikwavumela imijelo yedatha elungelelanisiweyo emininzi, kwaye ukuyibeka kwixesha elisebenzayo, cinga ngee-earbuds zakho ezingenazingcingo, kwixa elidlulileyo yayinye kuphela eyayiqhagamshelwe kwifowuni yakho, ngelixa i-earbud yesibini izakuqhagamshelwa kweyokuqala.

Ukuba zombini ii-buds ziqhagamshele ngokuthe ngqo kwifowuni yakho kuphucula ukuthembeka koqhagamshelo lwakho kwaye kuphelisa nakuphi na ukulibaziseka okanye imiba yongqamaniso enokubakho phakathi kwekhohlo nasekunene. Le teknoloji ingasetyenziselwa ukudibanisa izibini ezimbini zee-headphones kumthombo omnye, into eyayingenakwenzeka ngaphambili. Ukuba ufuna ukufumana olu hlobo lwee-headphones, siya kukucebisa I-Xiaomi Buds 3T Pro.

isiphelo

Zonke ezi Bluetooth Technologies kunye neEvolution zisizisela namhlanje. Kukho uphuculo olungakumbi kwiBluetooth Technologies kunye neEvolution, kodwa sicinga ukuba sikwazile ukukhupha olona tshintsho luphawulekayo nolulula ukuluchaza. Ucinga ntoni ngayo? Yintoni esiza kuyibona kwixa elizayo?

Amanqaku Afana